Comprehensive Sexual Health Education

California Healthy Youth Act (CHYA)

California state law, the California Healthy Youth Act, requires that comprehensive sexual health education and HIV prevention education be provided to students at least once in middle school and once in high school, starting in 7th grade. Instruction must encourage students to communicate with parents, guardians or other trusted adults about human sexuality. Instruction must be medically accurate, age‐appropriate and inclusive of all students. It must include the following:

  • Information about HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including transmission, FDA approved methods to prevent HIV and STIs, and treatment  
  • Information that abstinence is the only certain way to prevent unintended pregnancy and HIV and other STIs, and information about value of delaying sexual activity
  • Discussion about social views of HIV and AIDS
  • Information about accessing resources for sexual and reproductive health care  
  • Information about pregnancy, including FDA approved prevention methods, pregnancy outcomes, prenatal care, and the newborn safe surrender law
  • Information about sexual orientation and gender, including the harm of negative gender stereotypes
  • Information about healthy relationships and avoiding unhealthy behaviors and situations

Five Primary Purposes of CHYA

  • To provide pupils with the knowledge and skills...

    • to protect their sexual and reproductive health from HIV and other sexually transmitted infections and from unintended pregnancy;

    • to develop healthy attitudes concerning adolescent growth and development, body image, gender, sexual orientation, relationships, marriage, and family;

    • to have healthy, positive, and safe relationships and behaviors

  • To promote understanding of sexuality as a normal part of human development;

  • To ensure pupils receive integrated, comprehensive, accurate, and unbiased sexual health and HIV prevention instruction and provide educators with clear tools and guidance to accomplish that end.

Instructional Criteria Requirements

  • Be age appropriate

  • Be medically accurate and objective;

  • Align with and support the purposes of the California Healthy Youth Act, as described above;

  • Be appropriate for use with pupils of all races, genders, sexual orientations, ethnic and cultural backgrounds;

  • Be appropriate for and equally available to English language learners;

  • Be appropriate for and accessible to pupils with disabilities;

  • Affirmatively recognize different sexual orientations and be inclusive of same-sex relationships in discussions and examples;

  • Teach about gender, gender expression, gender identity, and the harm of negative gender stereotypes;

  • Encourage students to communicate with their parents/guardians and other trusted adults about human sexuality, and provide skills for doing so;

  • Teach the value of and prepare students to have and maintain committed relationships such as marriage;

  • Provide knowledge and skills for forming healthy relationships that are free from violence; and

  • Provide knowledge and skills for making and implementing healthy decisions about sexuality including negotiation and refusal skills to assist students in overcoming peer pressure and using effective decision making skills to avoid high-risk activities.

Abstinence Education

Abstinence from sexual activity and injection drug use shall be emphasized and taught within the context of comprehensive sexual health and HIV prevention education (EC 51934[3]), however, abstinence-only education is not permitted in California public schools.

Who is responsible for teaching the curriculum?

Comprehensive Sexual Health Education will be taught within the student's science class in middle school and within the health class in high school.

Parent Notification & Opt-Out

  •  If you do not want your student to participate in comprehensive sexual health or HIV prevention education, you may opt-out by submitting the signed notification letter to your student's school.
  • Schools may not require active consent (“opt-in”) for participation in comprehensive sexual health and HIV prevention education. If the parent/guardian does not request in writing that the child be withheld, the child will attend the instruction.  (EC § 51938(a).)

Middle School & High School Notification Letter

English

Spanish

How can I view the curriculum materials?

To view the curriculum materials, you may either contact your student's school principal or the Curriculum & Instruction Office @ (714) 628-5658 to schedule an appointment.

Overview of Middle School (Pilot) Units

Middle School (Pilot) Program currently augmented for planned implementation for 2018-19.

 

Overview of High School (Pilot) Modules

1.1.1 What is Health?

1.1.3 Taking Control of your Health

1.2.2 Stress Management and Self-Esteem

1.2.3 Influences on Mental and Emotional Health

1.3.1 Suicide

1.3.3 Violence and Gang Involvement

1.4.2 Communication Strategies

1.5.1 Mental and Emotional Health

2.1.1 Physical Fitness

2.1.3 Good Nutrition

2.2.1 Evaluating Health Products, Practices, and Services

2.2.3 Eating Disorders

2.3.2 Setting Goals and Formulating a Plan

3.1.2 Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs

3.1.3 Influences on Drug Usage

3.2.1 Communicating About Drugs

3.2.3 Resources for Protection Against Drug Abuse

3.3.2 Advocating Against ATOD Use

3.4.1 Review: Drugs

4.1.1 Communicable Diseases

4.1.3 Noncommunicable and Chronic Diseases

4.2.1 Public Health Policies

4.2.3 Good Hygiene

4.3.2 Impact of Technology on Health

4.4.1 Review: Disease

5.1.1 Personal Safety

5.1.3 Make Decisions to Avoid Injuries

5.2.1 Public Policy and Your Safety

5.2.3 First Aid

5.3.3 Weather and Natural Disaster Safety

5.4.1 Review: Injuries

6.1.1 Reproductive Systems

6.2.1 Practicing Abstinence

6.2.3 Online Safety

6.3.2 Abusive Relationships and Sexual Assault

6.4.1 STDs/STIs

6.4.3 Contraceptive Methods

6.4.5 Pregnancy and Parenting

6.5.1 Review: Sexual Health